Pickleball is one of the most widespread sports that combines features and elements of some other games, including tennis, table tennis, Ping-Pong, and badminton.

Pickleball sport was invented in the 1960s, and it was considered a relatively young game and was popularized as a kids' pastime. But over the years the sport is equally becoming famous among adults and older people.

Pickleball is a fun and enjoyable game that is suitable for players of all ages. Also, it is an unregulated sport, and there is no international governing body. Players play on a court divided by a net. Using solid paddles of wood, they try to hit a ball (similar to a Wiffle Ball) over the net to score points in a way identical to both tennis and badminton.

Basic Overview 

A badminton-sized court (20' x 44') is used to play Pickleball. Starting with the right-hand service-square, the ball will be served diagonally, and points can only be counted by the side that serves.

Players on both sides of the court must let the ball bounce one time before volleys are allowed. And to prevent spiking, there is a seven-foot non-volley zone on both sides of the net. The server continues to play, switching service courts until he commits a fault.

The game can be played with singles or doubles. The first team scores eleven points, and you need to score at least two more points to win.

The Pickleball Serve 

  • Ball: the ball is similar to a Wiffle ball but more robust. You will find a slight difference in the pickleball ball whether the game is played outdoors or indoors. Due to wind interference on the courts, outdoor balls come with 40 small holes, while indoor balls come with 26 larger holes.
  • Paddle: pickleball paddles are solid but small in size, making them easy to maneuver by the wrist. Paddles are typically made out of fiberglass, graphite, or wood with a particular polymer core.
  • Net: pickleball nets are usually 36" tall at both ends and split the court in half.

Pickleball Equipment 

Serves are to be played diagonally. Always start with the right-hand service-square and switch each serve. The serve must clear land in the diagonal service court and the 7-foot non-volley zone in front of the net.

  •  While severing, always keep your feet behind the backline, and it should be done underhand with the paddle below the waist.
  • Make sure the ball hits into the air without being bounced. The server will continue to serve until they make a mistake then the service will be given to the opposite side. During serving, you are not allowed to bounce the ball and kick it off the bounce.
  • You need to serve diagonally and must clear the non-volley zone. Otherwise, a serve that touches the non-volley spot is considered a fault. Only one serve attempt is allowed, except your ball hits the net but lands on the exact service court. In this case, the serve may be seized.
  • At the start of each new game, the first playing team can only commit one mistake before giving the ball to the opposite players. After that, both teams' players will serve and fault before the ball is turned over to the opposing team. If the receiving team wins the serve, then the player in the right-hand court will always start the game.

Kitchen in the Pickleball 

A unique but essential aspect of the game is the kitchen or non-volley zone. Players may not hit the ball while standing in the kitchen, except the ball has already hit bounced on their side. Even if your momentum carries you into the zone, you may not step into the kitchen on a volley.

The Volleys in Pickleball

Volley in Pickleball means to hit the ball in the air without bouncing. In Pickleball, volleys can only be done when your feet are 7-feet behind the non-volley zone line. It will be considered as a fault if your steps over the line on your volley follow through.

Double-Bounce Rule in the Pickleball 

In the two bounce rule, each team must play their first shot off of the bounce. It means that the serving team must let the return bounce, and the receiving team must let the serve bounce before playing. After these two bounces, the ball can either be played off the bounce or volleyed.

Faults Criteria in the Pickleball 

It will be considered as a fault if your ball:

  • Is volleyed from the non-volley zone
  • It is volleyed before a bounce has happened from both sides.
  • It doesn't clear the net.
  • It hits any part of the kitchen zone on the serve
  • Is hit out of boundaries

Scoring Criteria in the Pickleball

  • Only a serving team can score the points.
  • A serving player should continue playing until his team makes a fault.
  • If playing doubles, all the players in a team should keep serving until a fault, and then the server should move to the opposite team. This is called "Side Out."
  • Pickleball is played to eleven points, but you must need to be ahead of at least 2 points.

Player Position for Doubles (at Start of Game) 

Positioning Movements for Double Play

Image A shows that the server should always serve from the right-hand side diagonally across the court to the receiver on the right-hand side of the opposite side. Before returning the serve, the receiver must let the ball bounce once. The serving team must also allow the return bounce before playing. After these two bounces, the ball may be either played or volleyed off the bounce until you commit a mistake.

Image B shows that when a fault is made by receiving team and the serving team has scored a point, then serving players can switch sides of the court, and the same players can continue playing. When serving players make their first fault, their players will stay on the same side of the court. When they make their second fault, they will remain in the same court positions and turn the ball over to the opposing team. Only after scoring can players switch sides of the court.


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